Jam spends all her time in the whelping box nursing the pups. We also have a heat lamp and thermometer to ensure that the pups stay warm as at this age, the pups cannot regulate their own body temperature and if get too hot or too cold, can die. The fleece pad also helps to keep them warm and dry plus gives them traction as they crawl around the box.
The white railing around the box are called pig rails and are a safety feature. If the dam rolls onto a pup, the pup will be pushed under the pig rail and protected. Jam is very careful with her pups but you always have to be vigilant to make sure an accident doesn't happen.